The first step in developing any project is proper goal setting. This action determines what result the team wants to achieve. Goal setting creates an image of the desired future. Project goals answer the question, “What should the team get at the end of the project?” Each goal has a set of objectives: actions to be performed to achieve the planned result. Their formulation starts with an action verb: to develop, to do, to conduct, to organize, and so on. This will make them measurable and controllable.
When referring to the concepts of “project goals and objectives”, we often identify them as synonyms. But, in fact, these are different categories in meaning and content, which require separate analysis and study. How do they differ from each other? How to learn how to formulate and control them correctly? Let us consider these and other questions in more detail.
In project management, a project goal is a set of outcomes that a company seeks to achieve. A precise description of the outcome of joint activities. Solution of a real existing, actual problem. Goals are expressed in qualitative or quantitative form. They describe what will happen when the project is completed.
Project objectives clarify the formulation of the result. They are a kind of checkpoints, which can be used to guide the achievement of the intended goals. They describe ways of solving the problem. The final result depends on their correctness. But, at the same time, goals are more important than objectives. They can be broader and more abstract, while objectives are always concrete steps on the way to the result.
Goal: Organize effective feedback between developers and clients.
Objective within this goal: Add five new feedback form options to the site within the next two months.
Key issues in formulating the project’s purpose:
The answers to these questions will be the project objectives. There are five criteria that must be met in order to formulate them correctly:
Having approved the goals of the project, we move on to setting objectives. The understanding of the final result depends on their clarity and formulation. The project is structured. It is easier to control and manage it at each stage.
Next, a project plan is prepared. It specifies additional elements affecting the project: lists of stakeholders, timeline, forecast of expected results and other data. The plan describes the actions to be taken when the project conditions change. It helps prevent project failure due to external and internal factors.
Objectives are formulated before the plan is written. Many items, including performance and success indicators, depend on how they are interpreted.
The formulation of project objectives is done in various ways. For example, using the SMART method. According to this methodology, they should be specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-bound. SMART-technologies help to develop the most transparent and realistic key project goals and objectives. Examples of using this method in practice are presented in the following table:
|When setting goals, the specifics of the organization are taken into account.
|What do we need? What do we get as a result? What result do we need to achieve?
|Increase in sales volume.Development of the market segment in a new region.Increase in the client base of the company.
|They should have developed clear criteria for measurement.
|What results do we need to achieve in quantitative terms? What profit will we get?
|Increase in sales by 20%.500,000 rubles or other amount.
|When embarking on a project, those involved in the process must be confident in their ability to execute.
|Is this goal realistically achievable? How quickly can the planned result be achieved?
|Competitive Advantage Analysis.
|The project objective should be relevant to the core business. Not contradict other objectives of the organization.
|Why do we need it? How well does the result match the company’s values and strategy?
|Work with customer base to incentivize repeat purchase of products.
|The timing of goals should be dictated by the real needs of the company.
|In how much time do you need to get results?
|Year, month, specific date.
The more transparent the goals are, the easier they are to achieve. They should be flexible and changeable enough. In the course of the project, new circumstances may arise that were not taken into account at the initial levels. To minimize the risk of project failure or stoppage, a study of opportunities and threats is conducted at the planning stage.
A feasibility check is performed to clarify the feasibility of the project and its benefits to the company. In doing so, attention is paid to the following aspects:
This goal-setting tool divides key objectives into levels. At the very top of the pyramid are the strategic goals to be achieved in the future. Below them are:
Sometimes a project is derailed due to various problems. The following signs are indicative of project failure:
To avoid disruption, project goals should be as realistic and achievable as possible. Tasks should be fixed on paper or in planners, as well as written out so that team members understand what actions need to be taken. The best task managers are detailed in this article.
Employees must be motivated to successfully accomplish the tasks assigned to them. And senior management should monitor and support their work. Provide sufficient resources for efficient work. Provide quality technical and information support at every stage.
Task Manager LeaderTask is an effective tool for organizing project management. The program has advanced features for successful teamwork. It is suitable for creating individual and collective projects. For creating goals and tasks, delegating tasks to responsible employees. It helps to self-organize, rationally plan personal and working time, not to lose sight of any important tasks.
Thanks to the option to organize projects into trees, any tasks will always be visible in one system. You can easily find them if needed. Move to create a hierarchy. In LeaderTask, you can manage several projects at the same time. Monitor the performance and activities of all team members. Visualize tasks using the popular kanban technology implemented as virtual whiteboards with notes.
The program will help to streamline the chaos in the affairs, establish effective interaction in the team. It will remind you of important events and make joint work on projects successful and efficient.
Business success is linked to the ability to set and achieve goals. This is the locomotive that drives the company forward. Properly set goals and objectives will help the team to work coherently and efficiently. They will allow to avoid many problems.
It is necessary to start work on the project by developing a general concept. In the future, it will help to describe the strategy. It will become a source of inspiration and motivation for employees.
Before formulating the purpose of the project, the overall objectives are defined. They will set the tone for more detailed decisions, which should clearly describe the actions to be taken to achieve the planned result. Be realistic, measurable, achievable. Not contradict the company’s interests and be time-bound.
A clear action plan, which all employees will adhere to, will help you achieve your goals faster. It will save time and effort, organize all tasks and ensure their control at every stage.